1.Promulgated on October 19, 1932 by the Government; Enforced on May 1, 1934
2.Amended & Promulgated on August 20, 1938 by the Government
3.Amended & Promulgated on September 29, 1947 by the Government
4.Amended & Promulgated on May 26, 1972 by President Order No.Tai-Zong-Yi-Yi-Tzu-872
5.Amended & Promulgated on June 20, 2018 by President Order No.Hwa-Zong-Yi-Yi-Tzu-10700065691
Chapter 1 General Provisions
This Act is enacted to enhance the efficient operation of government statistics, ensure the
objectivity and independence of government statistics, and maintain the quality of
The statistical affairs of government shall be carried out in accordance with this Act.
However, the Act is not applicable to the statistics which are specifically collected and
compiled for the survey of intentionality and academic research by any agency.
The terms used in this Act are defined as follows:
1. Government agencies: all levels of government agencies (organizations), public schools
and public enterprises.
2. BAS (Budget, Accounting and Statistics) Agencies at all levels of government: the Central
BAS Agency in the central government, the departments of BAS in the special municipal
governments, the departments of BAS in the counties(cities)governments, the BAS offices or
the BAS personnel in the townships(cities) offices, or in the mountain indigenous districts
of special municipalities.
3. Administrative statistics: the statistics obtained from processes and results of the
official duties that are carried out by government agencies.
4. Statistical survey: the survey on individuals, households, business entities, agencies,
or groups held by the government agencies for the statistical purpose and operational
requirements, including the Basic National Census and Survey, Designated Statistical Survey
and General Statistical Survey.
5. The Basic National Census and Survey: the census and survey of the national population,
land, resource, economy, society, and other categories that may represent the basic
conditions of entire nation.
6. Designated Statistical Survey: the survey published by the Central BAS Agency as required
for critical statistics or significant policy of the government. The requirement of critical
statistics or significant policy of the government means the fundamental data as necessary
reference for formulating the policies, statistics recommended by international
organizations, or critical for international comparison, or other statistical surveys
recognized by the Central BAS Agency.
7. General Statistical Survey: the statistical survey conducted by the government agency
other than the Basic National Census and Survey and Designated Statistical Survey.
8. The party: the person identified in the personal information; the household member
responding on behalf of the entire household identified in the household information;
the responsible person, representative, or administrator identified in the business entity,
agency, or group information.
The government shall collect and compile the statistics as follows:
1.The statistics of the the Basic National Census and Survey.
2.The statistics of official duties performed by the government agencies
3.Other statistics that government agencies deem necessary to be collected and compiled.
The data sources of the preceding paragraph are as follows:
1.Administrative records or reports.
3.Relevant data of other agencies or groups.
Government statistics shall be collected and compiled by the competent government agency,
or in accordance with the rules as follows:
1.The Basic National Census and Survey shall be conducted by the Central BAS Agency.
2.Government statistics not exclusively related to any government agency shall be collected
and compiled by the relevant government agency (organization) based on the coordination
by the BAS Agencies at all levels of government.
The central government may commission the local government to conduct the statistical
The Central BAS Agency shall draft the scheme on the division of the scope of statistics
between all levels of government and the central government agencies, and submit the
scheme to the Executive Yuan for approval.
Any amendment to the scheme in preceding paragraph that does not affect the basic
principles may be implemented directly by the Central BAS Agency after consulting with
relevant government agencies.
According to the scheme in the paragraph 1, the BAS Agencies in local government may
divide the scope of statistics between their government agencies and subordinate
Chapter 2 Administrative Statistics
The government agencies shall fully use the data in subparagraph 1, paragraph 2,
Article 4 to compile the administrative statistics.
The compilation for administrative statistics shall be jointly carried out by the
BAS units in charge of statistical affairs and related persons in other units of
the government agencies.
The government agencies shall formulate the administrative statistics scheme according
to the nature and the needs of their official duties within the scope of statistics
confined by the scheme in Article 6.
Chapter 3 Statistical Surveys
The Central BAS Agency shall conduct the Basic National Census and Surveys, including
the Population and Housing Census at least once every ten years, the Agriculture,
Forestry, Fishery and Animal Husbandry Census and the Industry and Service Census at
least once every five years.
The Central BAS Agency shall draft the survey scheme for conducting the Basic National
Census and Survey and submit it to the Executive Yuan for approval. All levels
of government may set up a provisional unit for cooperation.
The Central BAS Agency may request relevant agencies to provide necessary assistance
or officer on secondment as required under its supervision and direction for the
The government agencies shall only conduct the Designated Statistical Survey or
General Statistical Survey that are directly related to their duties and as a matter
of urgency; no surveys shall be conducted under any of the following circumstances:
1. The information required can be obtained from the data under subparagraph 1,
paragraph 2, Article 4.
2. The survey can be incorporated with other similar surveys.
The government agencies shall draft the survey implementation programs before
conducting Designated Statistical Survey or General Statistical Survey on the civilians
that reach or above the certain sample size specified by the Central BAS Agency, and
do as follows:
1. The Designated Statistical Survey shall be approved by the Central BAS Agency.
2. The General Statistical Survey shall be approved by the Central BAS Agency in the
central government; or approved by the department of BAS in the special municipal
government and in the county /city government, and then submit to the Central BAS Agency
The conducting agency shall mark the approval number on the statistical survey
questionnaire under the preceding paragraph.
Any modification or suspension of the approved statistical survey implementation program
shall be submitted for approval pursuant to paragraph 1; the approving agency or the
Central BAS Agency may request the conducting agency to modify the survey implementation
program or suspense an approved statistical survey.
While investigate, the enumerators shall present the certificate for identification and
shall actively inform the respondents the ways of verification and give opportunities
for verification as well.
The preceding enumerators shall not collect unauthorized information in the guise of
It is prohibited for anyone to evade, obstruct or refuse the enumerators conducting
the Basic National Census and Survey or Designated Statistical Survey.
The respondent of the statistical survey, whether an individual, a household, a business
entity, an agency or a group, has the duty to provide truthful information in due time.
Chapter 4 Management of Statistical Data
The statistics released by government agencies shall be confined to the associated scope
with their competent official duties.
The government agencies shall announce the statistics release calendar in advance, which
can not be changed except for critical events. The related regulations shall be formulated
by the Central BAS Agency.
In order to fully utilize the administrative data-processing (ADP) system to conduct
government statistics, the government agencies shall consult with the BAS units in charge
of statistical affairs regarding their statistical requirements when constructing or
modifying ADP system.
If constructing or modifying an ADP system involves the affairs of local governments,
the central government agencies shall consult with the BAS agencies and relevant agencies
of the local government regarding their statistical requirements.
For overall needs of statistics, the BAS agencies at all levels of government may request
their government agencies and subordinate agencies to cooperate on adding or modifying
the data categories or relevant functions in the ADP system.
The BAS Agencies at all levels of government, and the first-level BAS Agencies in charge
of statistical affairs in the central government may request their government agencies
and subordinate agencies to provide the data in subparagraphs 1 and 2, paragraph 2,
Article 4 for the statistical purpose or for the intention to reduce the burden on the
respondents, except for the data provision prohibited according to the Classified
National Security Information Protection Act and other specified laws or regulations.
The government agencies shall properly keep, and fully use the statistical documents and
data to carry out the official duties.
The documents and data in the preceding paragraph, if referring to individual information
obtained through statistical surveys, shall be kept confidentially and not be used for
any purpose other than statistics, unless the respondent has given a written consent
during the implementation of that statistical survey.
Chapter 5 Supervision of Statistical Affairs
The BAS Agencies at all levels of government shall carry out the statistical affairs under
the supervision and direction of the BAS Agency of superior government.
The BAS units in charge of statistical affairs of the government agencies shall carry out
the statistical affairs under the supervision and direction of the superior BAS units in
charge of statistical affairs, or the BAS Agencies of their government.
Any different opinions on statistical affairs between the chief statistician and the chief
officer shall be dealt with by the chief officer and chief statistician of the superior
The BAS agencies at all levels of government may audit and re-examine the statistical
affairs of the subordinate agencies of their government.
The Central BAS Agency may audit and re-examine the statistical affairs of the local
Chapter 6 Penal Provisions
Anyone who violates paragraph 3, Article 14 by evading, obstructing or refusing the
enumerators who carried out the Basic National Census and Survey or Designated
Statistical Survey, despite the making efforts of persuasion, shall be dealt with in
accordance with the Administrative Execution Act.
Any respondent of the Basic National Census and Survey or Designated Statistical
Survey violates Article 15, after being persuaded and still fails to respond in due
time or give false answers, shall be dealt with the matter in accordance with the
Administrative Execution Act.
Any statistical staff of the government agency in violation of paragraph 2, Article
14, or Article 19 shall be dealt with the matter in accordance with the relevant laws.
Chapter 7 Supplementary Provisions
The enforcement rules of this Act shall be prescribed by the Central BAS Agency.
This Act shall come into force from the date of promulgation.